Labels & Addresses

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Label Paper

Here you'll find out about mailing labels — what they are used for, what kinds of them exist and how you can use them best.

The History of The Label

Labels

The first labels appeared during the Industrial Revolution in 1880s.

Before this time during hundreds (or even thousands) years manufacturers put the information, related to the products, on earthenware pots, boxes, barrels and so on. Merchants transported and sold wares themselves. From them customers could know about the manufacturer and quality of their goods.

The Industrial Revolution made fundamental changes in the production and distribution systems. This required, that related to the products information was transfered with the products. For long time it was enough to have some notes on bags and boxes. But the growing competition on the market required to make products more attractive. The first labels appeared on food, tobacco and flower markets.

The first labels were made by artists (because they managed the lithography — one of the few methods of replicating images on the paper 200 years ago). Now artists also participate in label creating but as designers. Labels are printed typographically in thousands (and more) copies. Their cost came down significantly in comparison with manual production.

Possibly, the most important event in the label history happened  in the 20th century. In 1935 R. Stanton Avery (1907—1997) founded Avery Dennison. He developed and manufactured the world's first self-adhesive label.

Another important thing — modern desktop printers. Their appearance has opened a way for the small business and home users to print high quality labels with small number of copies. It's became possible to use labels in other areas, like mailing. Paper manufacturers offer wide range of label paper for different needs. Owing to special programs (like Labels & Addresses) label printing takes minimum time and effort.

Label Types and Structure

Special Handling label

There are many types of labels we come across in our everyday life. These are CD labels, diskette labels, price tags on goods in shops and many more. Mailing labels (the labels used for addressing letters and parcels) will be described here in details.

Pressure sensitive labels are made up of several layers. The layers consist of the facestock, primer, adhesive, release coating, liner and top coating. Labels don't necessarily consist of all of the layers mentioned. They must consist of a facestock, adhesive, release coating and liner.

Mailing Labels

Mailing labels are normally used for printing addresses on them (the delivery address, return address or both).

Company Right label

You can use them with envelopes or parcels. An address, printed on a label, looks more professional (and legible, which is important), than one written by hand. If you send a lot of mail, labels save you a lot of time. Printed address can be easily handled by automatic mail processing equipment, installed at many postal services, thus simplifying mail sorting and speeding up delivery. There are specialized software applications for printing on labels — such as Labels & Addresses.
Such applications simplify printing on labels considerably, and, what is important, allow you to print addresses from an address database (for instance, from Apple Address Book). This eliminates the risk of mistakes in the address, and even a large number of addresses can be printed in a couple of minutes.

Bee label

For parcels, labels are perhaps the only possible way of writing an address accurately and professionally. With envelopes, you have a choice of either printing the address on a label, or directly on the envelope. Below you can see when it's more convenient to use labels with envelopes, rather then print directly on them.

Advantages of Labels

Mailing Label Paper Types

Label paper sheets are normally of A4 or US Letter size. The labels may differ in size, form (square or rectangle), edges (square or rounded).

Some label paper types have gaps between labels, some not. If you want to print labels that have an image that covers the entire label, choose the paper with gaps to avoid positioning problems.

Red Apple label

The paper also differs by the printer type it's designed for. It may be universal (for both inkjet and laser printers), for inkjet printers only or for laser printers only. The advantage of laser printers is that addresses printed on compatible paper are not sensitive to moisture. Inkjet printers allow to use color. Besides, they allow to print just one or two labels at a time and re-use the sheet later. With laser printers it's normally not recommended, because the sheet gets dirtier after each run and the chance of paper jam increases.

Other types of label paper include heavy-duty (weatherproof) labels, and labels with pre-printed ornament (for instance, a nice frame around the address space), clear or foil labels.

A special type of labels are labels for DYMO thermal printers. For more information about them, see "Using a DYMO Printer to Print Labels".

Mailing Label Sizes

There are dozens, if not hundreds, of various mailing label sizes. Listing all of them is beyond the scope of this article. That's why we will use the classification by size, implemented in Labels & Addresses. In this program labels are divided into 3 large groups, depending on their size and purpose.

Label paper without gaps

Small (Return Address Labels)

Such labels are most often used to print the return address. Return addresses are not processed by mail sorting equipment, so here you can use your imagination and artistic talent — use logos, colors, fancy fonts and so on.

As a rule, there are from 80 to 30 labels on a sheet. Their size ranges from 1/2 x 1 3/4 in to 1 x 2 5/8 in.

Label paper with gaps

Medium (Addressing Labels)

These labels normally bear the delivery address. It's recommended that you use a large, machine-readable font (Arial, Helvetica, font size 12 pt or bigger), print the barcode. Don't place your logo or any other graphics or text in line with the address — place them below or above the address lines; otherwise these elements may confuse the sorting machine.

A sheet of such labels contains from 30 to 10 labels, with sizes ranging from 1 x 4 in to 2 x 4 in.

Shipping label paper

Large (Shipping Labels)

Use these labels for mailing parcels and large envelopes (like those used for magazines and mail order catalogs). They may accommodate both the delivery and return address.

As a rule, there are from 8 to 2 labels on a sheet (or one label may occupy the whole sheet). The sizes range from 3 x 4 in to 8 1/2 x 11 in.

Printing Recommendations

Leading Manufacturers

Avery Dennison
The world-wide leader in label paper is Avery Dennison Corporation. Many other vendors use dimensions of Avery labels stock for their own label paper (such paper is often marked with "Avery Compatible" sign). Avery makes a wide range of labels of all kind and for all types of printers. You can buy labels directly at their web site.

Xerox
A large supplier of office equipment and supplies, including label paper. You can buy them at their web site.

DYMO
DYMO is a subdivision of Esselte corporation. DYMO make thermal label printers, which are great for many tasks and work with Labels & Addresses. You can buy printers and the full range of labels at the site.

APLI
A large Spanish manufacturer of label paper. You can purchase labels in their online store.

A-One
One of the leading Japanese manufacturers of paper and labels.

Herma
A German manufacturer of office supplies.

Where to Buy

There are plenty of places you can buy or order labels. However, you can also order labels online — convenient if you're looking for something special.

USA: [Staples] [Amazon] [Office Depot]
Canada: [Office Depot]
UK: [UK Office Direct]
France: [Office Depot]
Germany: [Viking Direkt]


Nick Shubin
Published: August 2006
Last reviewed: February 2009